The startup world is competitive. That’s why they need the best tools, procedures, and methodologies that give their startup a competitive edge.
In this article, we are going to discuss one such technological tool, the MERN stack development -- which seems to be quite popular among the startups in 2019-2020.
The “stack” that we are talking about is what makes MERN so special.
MERN stands for MongoDB, Express.JS, React, and Node.js. It is a collection of techniques, solutions, and tools. The end goal of using a stack is to help developers be agile in their development.
Why need a MERN stack at all?
Startups are not similar to companies. The philosophy at a startup is entirely different. They build small(read prototype) and fast. Iterations are carried out at every phase of development so that the startups can create a working prototype and then build from there.
As you can see, it is all about agile development. To facilitate this state of thinking and execution, MERN stack or any other stack, in general, is used.
- Express.JS → Express.JS is a backend application framework. It runs on top of Node.js
How does MERN stack works?
The interaction between the components is interesting. At first, the user interacts with the UI components developed using React -- the frontend of the project.
The frontend is then served by the backend part of the application using a server. The backend is handled by the ExpressJS, on top of the NodeJS.
The MongoDB database handles the database aspect of the web app. NodeJS handles the data request and fetches the required data from the MongoDB database. Once done, it then sends the data to the frontend, which is then shown to the user according to the UI components.
Advantages of MERN stack for startups
In this section, we will look into the advantages of using the MERN stack for startups. We already went through all the core components and what they have to offer. Each of the components has something unique and meaningful to offer and directly affect a startup agile development philosophy.
Full Stack: MERN offers a full-stack development environment. This means end-to-end development. Startups do not have to worry about other technologies or tools as they get everything using the stack itself.
MVC Architecture Support: MERN supports Model View Controller architecture, which makes it easy for developers to develop workflow.
Open Source: All the four components are open source, which means that a startup does not have to worry about licensing problems with MERN.
Testing tools: MERN comes with its own set of the testing tools suite.